Quebec's Bill 101 and Your Child's Education

 

There are many great advantages to moving into Quebec however, Bill 101 is not one of them. This bill limits your options for the education of your child, especially if you are new to Canada. The legislation was created and implemented in 1977.  Its objective was to protect the French language and free the province from the dominant language, English. The law has been amended over the last 40 years but one the most controversial points remains intact today; only students who have at least one parent who attended an English language school in Quebec or Canada may be allowed to attend English school. This leaves many people with few options when looking to educate their children in the English language.

If you are new to Canada and Quebec, and intend on sending your child to public school, your child will have to attend a French public school. The younger the student, the easier the transition will be. In order to ease this transition, the French public school system created Welcome Classes. These classes are a necessity, especially if the student has no French language skills at all. Although the idea of these classes seem great, the implementation and overall results have been underwhelming.  For many families it has been a frustrating experience. In a typical class d’accueil (welcome class), one finds a wide range of age groups, spoken languages, and academic abilities. The teachers, for the most part, have not been adequately trained to teach French as a second language, especially to students who have no experience with this language.  It’s neither an effective strategy for learning French or other core subjects.   

École primaire – Annexe Charlevoix
École St. Leon
École primaire – St.-Léon-de-Westmount
École privé – Michel Provost

Alternatively, families have the option to enrol their children in a private French school, however there are roadblocks here as well.  Unless the child can speak French, they will not receive an offer of admission. 

École privé – St. Stansilas

SchoolAdvice Case Histories

Moved to Quebec from California..

“A family with three children arrived in Montreal from San Diego, California and engaged SchoolAdvice to assist with locating and enrolling the children in public French schools.  The family had applied for and received Permanent Residence status to enter Canada after waiting more than 18 months for approval. None of the children were eligible for English education. The children were bilingual (English/Spanish) and the parents wanted them to to attend French public school.”

SchoolAdvice set up the appointment with the Commision Scholaire de Montréal where the children were evaluated and interviewed. They were placed in a Centre D’Accuiel (Welcome Classes) school in St. Henri.  The class was an interesting mix of recent immigrants to Quebec from a variety of nations and cultures.  The teacher was not well equipped to help the children learn french. SchoolAdvice arranged for FSL teachers to work with the children outside of class.  In general the parents and children were frustrated by the experience and in the end felt it was a “lost year” in terms of academic progress for the children.  The parents are planning to enrol the children in an ‘off grid’ private english school and will continue providing FSL instruction outside of school.

Case Study Winter 2017

Arrived in Quebec from Eastern Europe

“A family with two children (Grade 4 and Grade 6) arrived in Montreal from Bulgaria where the children had been enrolled in an International French School.  Both children were fluent in French and Turkish.  SchoolAdvice helped them settle in a comfortable neighborhood (Outremont) near french public schools that suited the family well. Appointments were made with the Commission Scholaire where the children were interviewed and evaluated.  Although the children were fluent in French and presented positive recent assessments from their schools, it was recommended that they follow a summer program to upgrade their math skills.  It was interesting to note that neither parent could speak or understand French and the Commision Scholaire officials did not speak or understand English so the children acted as translators being Commission Scholaire staff and their parents.  Translating between French and Turkish.

We will update this file once the children start school in late August.  SchoolAdvice will be in close contact with the family to see how the children are coping in their new environment and whether or not additional support services are required.

 

Case Study Spring 2018

Another option, if the family can afford the tuition,  is to apply for admission to an independent, “off grid” school. Private schools that receive funding from the government must follow the rules outlined in Bill 101. Specifically they may only enrol students who qualify for English Eligibility. Off grid schools have chosen not to accept the funding (approximately $5,000 per student) freeing them from the regulation. 

 

Choosing a fully independent school is an excellent option for those families who do not qualify for English Eligibility Certificates.  It is important to note fully independent schools rely solely on tuition and receive no government funding, this makes tuition prices somewhat higher than in other private schools.

Quebec Schools

Click profile cards for more information and links to school’s website.

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SchoolAdvice Virtual Academy

SchoolAdvice Virtual Academy

Montreal / Westmount , Quebec
$4,500 ~ $23,000
Grade 1-12, Coed, Individualized Learning, Online School
English Eligibility (COE) NOT required, Offers Grade 12
⭐️⭐️⭐️⭐️⭐️
Milestone College on SchoolAdvice.net

Milestone College

Brossard, QC
$5,900 ~ $28,900
Private College, ACA (Attestation of Collegial Studies) and DVS (Diplomas of Vocational Studies)
TAV CEGEP with Grade 12 Program for Quebec Students

TAV College

Montreal, Quebec
Grade 12: $15,500
Grade 12 & CEGEP, Coed, Private College, Day School
English Eligibility (COE) NOT required, Offers Grade 12
Hebrew Foundation School

Hebrew Foundation School

Dollard des Ormeaux
$10,000
Gr. K-6, Coed, French Immersion, Faith Based, Day School
College Bourget on SchoolAdvice.net

Collège Bourget

Rigaud, QC
$4,245 ~ $47,000
Gr. PS-12, Coed, Traditional, Language Based (F/E), English Option (Gr. 10,11,12), Day & Boarding School
English Eligibility NOT Required, Offers Pre-University Grade 12 in English
ECS on SchoolAdvice

Miss Edgar's & Miss Cramp's School

Montreal, QC
$21,800 ~ $26,380
Gr. K-11, All Girls, Progressive, French Immersion, Day School
English Eligibility Not Required as of September 2025
The Sacred Heart School of Montreal on SchoolAdvice.net

The Sacred Heart School of Montreal

Montreal, QC
$19,800 ~ $64,500
Gr. 7-12, All girls, Traditional, Day & Boarding School
English Eligibility Required (Gr. 7-11), Grade 12, English Eligibility NOT Required
West Island College on SchoolAdvice.net

West Island College Montreal

Montreal, QC
$15,450
Gr. 7-12, Coed, Traditional, French & English schools, Bilingual, Day School
English Eligibility Required (7-11), Grade 12 (Current WIC students only, English Eligibility NOT Required
The Priory School on SchoolAdvice.net

The Priory School

Montreal, QC
$19,300 ~ $24,110
Gr. K-6, Coed, Progressive, English, French Immersion, Day School
English Eligibility Certificate 'NOT' required
The Study on SchoolAdvice.net

The Study

Montreal
$26,200 ~ $29,380
Gr. K-11, All girls, Progressive, Bilingual, Day School
English Eligibility NOT required
Faith Christian Academy on SchoolAdvice.net

Faith Christian Academy

Vaudreuil-Dorion, QC
$ Tuition, Contact School
Gr. 7-11, Coed, Traditional, Faith based (Christian), Day School
English Eligibility NOT Required
Greaves Adventist Academy on SchoolAdvice.net

Greaves Adventist Academy

Montreal, QC
$6,380 ~ $6,820
Gr. K-11, Coed, Faith based (Adventist), Day School
English Eligibility NOT Required
St. George's School of Montreal on SchoolAdvice.net

St. George's School of Montreal

Montreal, QC
$21,286 ~ $55,280
Gr. K-11, Coed, Progressive, University Prep, Day School
English Eligibility Required for Grades 7-11
Emmanuel Christian School on SchoolAdvice.net

Emmanuel Christian School

Dollard des Ormeaux, QC
$8,100 ~ $15,000
Gr. K-11, Coed, Liberal Arts, Faith based, Day School
English Eligibility NOT Required
ECOLE NOTRE-DAME DE SION on SchoolAdvice.net

École Bilingue Notre-Dame de Sion

Montreal, QC
$10,700
Gr. JK-6, Coed, Bilingual (F/E), Day School
English Eligibility NOT Required
Pensionnat Saint Nom-de-Marie

Pensionnat du Saint-Nom-de-Marie

Montreal, QC
$6,000 ~ $13,000
Gr. 7-11, All girls, IB, French Language, Day & Boarding School
École Socrates-Démosthène School on SchoolAdvice.net

École Socrates-Démosthène

Montreal, QC
$5,850 ~ $9,300
Gr. PS-11, Coed, French Instruction, English & Greek, Day School
English Eligibility NOT Required
Vanguard School on SchoolAdvice.net

Vanguard School

St. Laurent, QC
$150
Gr. 1-11, Coed, Learning Differences, Special Needs, (Private/Public) Day School
English Eligibility Required
Ecole Montessori Internationale Montreal on SchoolAdvice.net

École Montessori International de Montréal

Montreal, QC
$9,000
Gr. PS-6, Coed, Montessori, French instruction, Trilingual, Day School
English Eligibility NOT Required
College Rivier on SchoolAdvice.net

Collège Rivier

Coaticook, QC
$2,985 ~ $25,500
Gr. 7-11, Coed, French Language, Day & Boarding School
Loyola High School on SchoolAdvice.net

Loyola High School

Montreal, QC
$10,300
Gr. 7-11, Coed (as of 2022/23), Traditional, Faith based, Day School
English Eligibility Required
Villa Maria High School on SchoolAdvice.net

Villa Maria High School

Montreal, QC
$7,000
Gr. 7-11, Coed, Traditional, French & English sectors, Bilingual, Day School
English Eligibility Required
College Francois de la Place on SchoolAdvice.net

Collège François-Delaplace

Waterville, QC
$3,000 ~ $11,000
Gr. 7-11, All girls, French Language, Day & Boarding School
Alexander von Humboldt on SchoolAdvice.net

Alexander von Humboldt German Int'l School

Baie d'Urfé, Montreal, QC
$9,950 ~ $18,000
Gr. PS-12, Coed, Traditional, German, French, English, Day School
English Eligibility NOT Required, Offers Grade 12
Herzliah on SchoolAdvice.net

Talmud Torah Herzliah

Montreal, QC
$10,300 ~ $13,800
Gr. K-11, Coed, Traditional, Faith based French & English schools, Day School
English Eligibility Required for English School Enrolment
Académie Marie-Claire on SchoolAdvice.net

Académie Marie-Claire

Kirkland, QC
$18,090 ~ $22,750
Gr. PS-11, Coed, Bilingual (F/E), International Baccalaureate, Day School
English Eligibility NOT Required
College Prep International on SchoolAdvice.net

College Prep International

Montreal
$12,500 ~ $15,000
Gr. 5-12, Coed, Traditional, Day & Homestay School
English Eligibility NOT Required, Offers Grade 12
Kuper Academy on SchoolAdvice.net

Kuper Academy

Kirkland, QC
$2,100 ~ $18,000
Gr. PS-12, Coed, Traditional, Day School
English Eligibility NOT Required, Offers Grade 12
Selwyn House School on SchoolAdvice.net

Selwyn House School

Montreal, QC
$23,450 ~ $29,990
Gr. K-12, All Boys, Liberal Arts, Day School
English Eligibility NOT Required, Offers Grade 12
Stanstead College on SchoolAdvice.net

Stanstead College

Stanstead, Quebec
$25,500 ~ $79,800
Gr. 7-12, Coed, Traditional, Day & Boarding School
English Eligibility NOT Required, Offers Grade 12
Lower Canada College on SchoolAdvice.net

Lower Canada College

Montreal, QC
$23,365 ~ $27,660
Gr. K-12, Coed, International Baccalaureate, Day School
English Eligibility NOT required, Offers Grade 12
JPPS-Bialik High School on SchoolAdvice.net

JPPS-Bialik School

Montreal, QC
$15,200
Gr. K-11, Coed, IB Framework, Day School
English Eligibility Required
Bishop's College School on SchoolAdvice.net

Bishop's College School

Sherbrooke, QC
$36,600 ~ $87,600
Gr. 7-12, Coed, International Baccalaureate, Day & Boarding School
English Eligibility NOT required, Offers Grade 12
Akiva School on SchoolAdvice.net

Akiva School

Westmount, QC
$12,600 ~ $14,600
Gr. K-6, Coed, Academic, English & French schools, Faith based, Day School
English Eligibility Required
Solomon Schechter Academy on SchoolAdvice.net

Solomon Schechter Academy

Montreal, QC
$7,200 ~ $13,100
Gr. PK-6, Coed, Faith based, Day School
English Eligibility Required
Centennial Academy on SchoolAdvice.net

Centennial Academy

Montreal, QC
$21,270
Gr. 7-11, Coed, Learning Differences, IB, Day School
English Eligibility required
Trafalgar School for Girls on SchoolAdvice.net

Trafalgar School for Girls

Montreal, QC
$23,240 ~ $31,100
Gr. 7-11, All Girls, Traditional, Day School
English Eligibility Required
Kells Academy on SchoolAdvice.net

Kells Academy

Montreal, Quebec
$22,300 - $41,800
Gr. K-12, Coed, Traditional, Day & Boarding School
English Eligibility NOT required, Offers Grade 12
North Star Academy on SchoolAdvice.net

North Star Academy

Laval, Quebec
$16,850 - $24,100
Gr. 7-12, Coed, Traditional, Day School
English Eligibility NOT required, Offers Grade 12
Académie Lavalloise on SchoolAdvice.net

Academie Lavalloise

Laval, QC
$7,650
Gr. K-6, Coed, French with enhanced English, Bilingual, Liberal Arts, Day School
English Eligibility NOT Required
SMRC on SchoolAdvice.net

Séminaire Marie-Reine-du-Clergé

Métabetchouan-Lac-à-la-Croix, QC
$4,000 ~ $26,000
Gr. 7-11, Coed, French Language, Day & Boarding School

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“There is a trend in Quebec towards an increasing number of ‘OFF Grid” Independent Schools.”

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2 Comments

  1. My child currently attends a CSDM high school. There will be a change in Custody, from one parent to the other which will also change the child’s address and school zone. The child already has a certificate of English Eligibility and will exercise the right to attend an English school, within the zone of the child’s new address.

    I would like to know the information that I must provide to the child’s current school to notify them that I am withdrawing my child from the school/school board …

    please provide me with the content that must be included in my notice of school change to the current school/school board

    Thank You!

    Reply
    • I suggest a registered letter be sent to the school and to the board office informing them of the upcoming move and withdrawal from school. If you are sending the letter it should also include documentation that supports the change of custody of the child. You will also want to request a copy of the student’s current record, transcripts, and reports to pass on to the new school or request that this information be sent by the current school/school board to the new school/school board.

      Reply

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